2 min read
21 Jan

The relationship between intelligence and academic achievement is a topic of considerable interest and debate in educational psychology. A comprehensive article on InnerDrive explores this intricate connection, shedding light on how intelligence, as measured by IQ, influences educational outcomes and vice versa.

The Role of Intelligence in Education

Intelligence, defined as the ability to learn from experiences and adapt to new situations, is closely linked to academic success. It encompasses various mental abilities, including logic, reasoning, and problem-solving. Intelligence is typically measured through an Intelligence Quotient (IQ) test, resulting in a numerical score that reflects a person's general cognitive abilities.

The Impact of Education on Intelligence

Research indicates that education can significantly enhance intelligence. A study cited in the article suggests that an additional year of education can lead to an increase of up to 5 IQ points. This finding underscores the role of education as a robust method for increasing intelligence, particularly for students who may not receive the same level of stimulation and practice as their peers.

Intelligence as a Predictor of Academic Achievement

A study involving 70,000 students found a positive correlation between intelligence and educational achievement in national examinations. Those who scored highly on intelligence tests often performed well in their GCSE exams across all subjects. This evidence positions intelligence scores as a strong predictor of academic success.

The Influence of Motivation on Intelligence and Grades

Intelligence can manifest motivation in various ways, depending on the type of learner. For instance, students with a mastery-oriented motivation approach learning with curiosity and interest in the subject, while those with performance-oriented motivation focus solely on grades. Encouraging students to develop critical thinking and problem-solving skills can shift their focus from mere memorization to enhancing their intelligence.

The Role of Teachers in Nurturing Intelligence

Developing a growth mindset in students is key to improving their intelligence, ability, and performance. Research shows that a growth mindset intervention can lead to academic success and enhanced motivation. Teachers can nourish their students' intelligence by teaching them to seek better feedback, enhance self-esteem, and develop self-regulation skills.

Final Thoughts

The link between intelligence and grades demonstrates a positive correlation; enhancing one tends to increase the other. Intelligence is a crucial variable in education, as it not only influences school grades but also helps develop internal strengths such as critical thinking and initiative. The two work in tandem to guide students to become comprehensive learners.


  1. https://www.linkedin.com/company/scientificreports
  2. https://padlet.com/christophertlee/psychology-5ke7c7y8vs4duxnd
  3. https://iqtest.site.pro
  4. https://iqcertificate.medium.com
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